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Judo Terminology

Learn the japanese terms used in judo. If you wanna learn judo techniques, check out the judo main page and select a technique.

Terminology: Judo Terminology

  • Technical Terminology Judo
    • Judo
    • Tachi waza
    • Jigotai
    • Atemi waza
    • Tsugi ashi
      -
    • Shintai
    • Kaeshi waza
    • Nage waza
    • Koshi waza
    • Ashi waza
    • Te waza
    • Masutemi waza
    • Atemi waza
    • Kansetu waza
    • Kappo
    • Sutemi waza
    • Yoko sutemi waza
    • Osaekomi waza
    • Randori waza
    • Renraku waza
    • Shime waza
    • Kumikata
    • Kuzure
    • Kinshi waza
      -
    • Ai yotsu
      -
    • Kenka yotsu
      -
    • Hikite
    • Kuzushi
    • Hando no Kuzushi
    • Happo no Kuzushi
    • Debana
      -
    • Fusegi
    • Mae Sabaki
    • Mae ukemi
    • Yoko ukemi
    • Uke
    • Ukemi
    • Zenpo kaiten ukemi
    • Yoko kaiten ukemi
      -
  • Competition Terminology Judo
    • Shiai
    • Shiaijo
    • Shinpan
    • Ki o tsuke
    • Hajime
    • Maai
    • Kogeki seyo
    • Osaekomi toketa
    • Osaekomi
    • Jikan
    • Hantei
    • Ippon
    • Waza ari
    • Yuko
    • Koka
    • Hiki wake
    • Yusei gachi
    • Fusen Gachi
    • Shido
    • Keikoku
    • Chui
    • Matte
    • Sono mama
    • Sore made
    • Hansoku make
      -
      -
  • Uniform / Bodyparts
    Terminology Judo
    • Gi
    • Judogi
    • Sode
    • Kubi
    • Eri
    • Kata
    • Ude
    • Hiji
    • Te
    • Tekubi
    • Yubi
    • Mune
    • Hara
    • Seika Tanden
      -
    • Zubon
    • Koshi
    • Hikite
    • Ashi
      -
  • More words - japanese
    martial arts
    • Sensei
    • Kyoshi
    • Okuden
    • Soke
    • Judoka
    • Randori
    • Judo ichidai
    • Kiai
    • Waza
    • Shisei
    • Nage
    • Nagekomi
    • Kata
    • Katame no kata
    • Nage no kata
    • Randori no kata
    • Ju no kata
    • Seiryoku
    • Ju no ri
    • Jujutsu
      -
    • Kodokan
      -
    • Bujutsu
    • Budo
    • Bu
    • Bushido
    • Goshin Jutsu
    • Jita Kyoei
    • Joseki
    • Dojo
    • Tatami
    • Tori
    • Kake
    • Tokuri waza
      -
    • Rei
    • Reiho
    • Zarei
    • Seiza
    • Obi
    • Kyu
      -
    • Dan
    • Yudansha
      -
    • Yudanshakai
    • Kodansha
      -
    • Mudansha
      -
    • Ichi
    • Ni
    • San
    • Shi
    • Go
    • Roku
    • Shichi
    • Hachi
    • Ku
    • Ju
    • Juichi
    • Juni
    • Jusan
    • Niju
    • Nijuichi
    • Sanju
    • Kujuku
    • Hyaku
    • Sen
    • Man
    • juman
    • Hyakuman
    • Senman
    • Oku
    • Yoko
    • Hidari
    • Migi
    • Mae
    • Ushiro
      -
  • Other japanese
    phrases & words
    • Ohayo gozaimasu
    • Konnichiwa
    • Konbanwa
    • Sayonara
    • O genki desu ka
    • Hai, genki desu
    • Domo arigato gozaimashu
    • Do itashi mashite
    • Misete kudasai
    • Anata wa eigo o
      hanashimasu ka?
    • Iie, wakarimasen
    • Anata no namae wa?
    • Watashi no namae ...
    • Yukkuri hanashi te kudasai

.
Gentle way - flexible way
Standing techniques
Defensive posture
Ordinary pattern of walking
Walking technique where you bring your
feet together but don't step over.
Moving forwards, backwards or sideways
Counter techniques
Throwing techniques
Hip techniques
Foot techniques
Hand techniques
Back sacrifice throws
Striking techniques
Joint locking techniques
Resusciation techniques
Sacrifice techniques
Side sacrifice techniques
Pinning techniques
Free practice techniques
Combination techniques
Choking techniques
Grappling methods
Modified hold
Techniques which are practiced in judo,
but are forbidden in competitions.
Same grip used by both judoka,
either right or left
Opposite grip used by both athletes.
One right and the other left.
Pulling hand - usually the hand gripping a sleeve
Unbalancing the opponent
Unbalancing by reaction
Kuzushi in all 8 directions
Breaking the opponents balance
when he initiates a move.
Escaping techniques
Frontal escape
Falling forward
Falling sideways
Block. Person who blocks or recieves an attack
Breakfall techniques
Rolling breakfall - forward
Rolling breakfall - sideways
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-

Competition / contest
Competition area (..jo like in dojo)
referee
Attention
Begin
Space (distance between judoka)
Order to attack
Escape - stop timing of hold
Referee calls to begin the timing
Referee calls to stop the watch
Referee calls the judges for a decision
Victory with one single technique. (10 points)
Score half an ippon (5 points)
Score less than waza - ari (3 points)
Score less than a yuko (2 points)
Draw - no decision
Wind by judges decision
Win by default
Penalty (equal to koka score)
Penalty (ancient term)
Penalty (ancient term)
Stop
Stop current action (freeze)
Time over, time up, finished
Disqualification - most serious penalty
in the sport of judo
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-
-

Uniform
Judo uniform
Sleeve
Neck
Collar
Shoulder
Arm
Elbow
Hand
Wrist
Finger
Chest
Stomach
The center of gravity (like dan tian in Chinese)
part of the abdomen
Pants
Hip
Knee
Foot, leg
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-
-

Master / trainer / instructor
Instructor / trainer
Secret teachings
The founder of a martial art (Kano Jigoro for judo)
A person practicing judo
Free practice
Spending a lifetime practicing judo
To shout. (gather spirit with a shout)
Technique
Posture
Throw
Repetitive throwing training.
Forms
Forms of grappling techniques
Throwing forms
Forms of free practice techniques
Forms of gentleness
Principle of max. efficiency
Principle of gentleness
Gentle art - Judo was developed by
Kano Jigora from Jujutsu.
The judo institute in Tokyo where
Kano Jigoro founded judo.
Martial arts
Martial ways
Martial
Way of the warrior
Art of self defence
Principle of mutual prosperty
Place of honor, upper seat
Training hall - school
Mat
Athlete performing a technique
Execution of a technique
The best technique somebody can do.
Favourite technique.
Bow
Forms of respect and manners
Kneeling salutation
Kneeling posture (formal)
Belt (like judo or karate belt)
Degrees below the first blackbelt
(colored belts) student degrees
A black belt rank (master rank)
Athlete who earned a black belt
(dan / master degree) New dan - athlete
Blackbelt association
A high black belt degree in japanese
martial arts (5th blackbelt and above)
A judoka without dan (blackbelt)
a student degree
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
20
21
30
99
100
1000
10000
100000
1000000
10000000
100000000
Side
Left
Right
Forward
Backward
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-
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Good morning
Good afternoon
Good evening
Good bye
How are you?
I am fine
Thank you very much
You are welcome
Please show me
Do you speak english
-
No, I don't understand
What is your name?
My name is ...
Please speak slowly?

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