Osgood Schlatter Syndrome - Knee Disease

The Osgood Schlatter Syndrome

The osgood schlatter syndrome, also called olsgood schlatter disease, is a knee condition that often affects young teenagers when they are in a growth spurt and especially when they are into sports like soccer, gymnastics or wushu. Its symptoms are knee pain and a swollen up area below the kneecap. The osgood schlatter syndrome was named after its discoverer Osgood-Schlatter.

Description: The Osgood Schlatter Syndrome

  • The osgood schlatter syndrome, also known as tubercle traumatic apophysitis or osgood schlatter disease, is a painful inflammation of the growth plate at the top of the shin bone (area between shin bone and knee cap).
  • The pain is caused by stress on the tendon that attaches the upper thigh muscle (quadriceps) to the shin bone.
  • The osgood schlatter syndrome can be diagnosed through physical examination, x-ray and ultrasound scan.

Symptoms: The Osgood Schlatter Syndrome

  • Knee pain
  • Pain when you extend your knee or when you do a full squat.
  • Knee pain when you run or when you walk up the stairs.
  • The pain eases with rest
  • The area below the kneecap is swollen up. In some cases the skin in this are is red too.
  • Occasionally, the quadriceps muscles can lose strength and bulk.
  • Test: When you extend your knee and relax your leg muscles, move the knee cab to one side slightly. Then contract your quadriceps slowly. Pain can be a sign => Osgood Schlatter Syndrome.

Treatment: The Osgood Schlatter Syndrome

  • In most cases the osgood schlatter syndrome resolves by itself within less than a year. But when your growth spurt is very long, the knee may stay uncomfortable for up to 3 years.
  • In some cases, the force of the tightened tendon coming from the kneecap can break parts from the shin bone. The result is a larger than normal bump between the knee cap and the shin bone. You can often see that at young wushu-athletes from China who do acrobatic jumps on concrete. Another possible complication of the osgood schlatter syndrome is an altered position of the kneecap.
  • Following osgood schlatter treatments are possible.
    • Avoid activities that make the knee pain worse.
    • Stretching and strengthening exercises for the quadriceps, hamstring and calf muscles.
    • Frequent use of ice packs to reduce the swelling.
    • Rest, rest rest and rest to ease the symptoms.
    • Physiotherapy.
    • Painkillers and anti inflammation pills.
    • In some extreme cases, surgery is necessary when the growth spurt stops.

Trainer advice: The Osgood Schlatter Syndrome

  • Avoid all activities that worsen the osgood schlatter symptoms and consult a doctor as soon as possible.
  • If your doctor suggests you to do stretching exercises, DO THEM always.

Videos: The Osgood Schlatter Syndrome

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